Floribunda roses are a cross between hybrid tea and species roses. They are more disease-resistant than other types of roses, but they still require some pruning to keep them looking good. They are also the most popular type of rose for home gardeners because they are easy to grow, have beautiful blooms, leaf color is good in shade or sun, and they are hardy.
The goal is to reduce height and encourage bushiness by removing old canes that have finished blooming. Along with cutting back old canes, it’s important to remove any weak canes that have grown up near each other. It might seem counterintuitive to cut them back, but this helps produce healthier plants with stronger branches and better foliage.
Here’s how you can get started on your own:
- Remove all dead or diseased wood from the plant (usually found at the top of the plant).
- Prune Floribunda Roses out any broken or damaged branches.
The Basics of Floribunda Rose Care
- Remove any old canes or damaged branches that have emerged from the base of the Floribunda Roses plant.
- Replant the new canes with an equal spacing between them. If the spacing is uneven, cut away any canes that are less than two inches apart.
- Feed the soil once a month with a balanced fertilizer.
- Take care to cut back new growth that’s not doing well, and then water thoroughly.
- Once the buds begin to grow, take a close look at them to make sure the buds have formed straight, healthy stems. If the stems are bent, bend them to straighten them out. If they are crooked, cut them off at a downward angle to straighten them.
Tips to Make Pruning Easier
The key is to leave a good base for new growth and new flowers. You’ll want to keep a tidy looking Floribunda Roses plant.
- Don’t remove at least two thirds of the entire stems.
- Pruning above the major bud is generally not necessary. Prune back to the major bud instead.
- Keep the base of the plant large and strong. Keep any branches higher than three feet off the ground.
When pruning, trim the lower portion of the plant back, then remove any lower stems that have four or fewer canes. Some people will only remove the four or fewer canes from the base of the Floribunda Roses plant. If so, the plant will have fewer branches that are in front of the stem. This will make the plant much more compact and easier to maintain.
The soil needs to be left fairly loose for the stems to support their own weight.
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When To Prune Your Rose Bush?
Some roses require pruning before blooming and some require pruning after bloom. If you prune after bloom, you want to minimize new canes to leave space for the blooms to expand. You can check the label for flower buds and fullness to determine if you should prune Floribunda Roses before bloom.
If you need to prune your rose bush before blooming, check the instructions on your soil mix and flower schedule. Some roses require higher acidity while others do not. You also need to check the forecast and look for any approaching weather conditions that might disrupt your rose bush’s bloom.
What you need?
- Fresh 2-3 foot long hangers for the rose
- 2-3 foot long shears
- Some mild gardening gloves
- Prune shears
There are several ways to prune Floribunda Roses the rose. But the easiest is to cut back to the bud first, then remove any lower canes that have closed or yellowed. You may want to allow new canes to grow for a season so you have flowers next season. Then, you can remove the old canes.
Cutting the old, woody stems
- Cut the bush down to the point where new growth emerges.
- Cut away the old bottom branch and just above it.
- Cut away all the old leaves (because they’ll go yellow) and any soil that is exposed.
- Add more mulch to the area to help suppress weeds.
Choose the Right Plant for Your Growing Conditions
Floribundas are all good options for our Michigan gardens. If you live in warmer regions, they will bloom all summer and into early fall. If you want an early spring display, select a more tender rose, such as the Semi Raggie, which blooms in March.
It’s best to plant the rose when it’s still dormant in the ground. If you get too much sun or it’s too cold, the Floribunda Roses plant will be susceptible to frost. Plant the rose during its dormant period in March.
Cut back on flowers
If your roses are starting to bloom, it’s time to prune them back and remove their blooms. Pull out all the dead or damaged blooms, and if they are not blooming, it’s still safe to remove their foliage. This will encourage fresh new growth.
Do not prune roses just before the first frosts. Instead, wait until they have finished blooming or removing their blooms to begin.
Remove old canes
It’s time to remove or prune old canes. These old canes, left untreated, will begin growing again and branch off into the next year. But if pruned, the pruning will form new stronger branches, which will help avoid the spread of disease and more damage in the future.
Stand by your canes as they fall
If you are using shears, be sure to stand over the canes for a while before you cut.
There are four main rose varieties. They are:
- Hybrid tea: These are most common in hybrids and use higher concentrations of nutrients and fertilizers. These roses need less pruning and are more disease resistant.
- Limelight: These are hybrids that are good in sunny spots. They are known for their rich color, even bloom, and fragrance.
- Floribunda: These roses are a cross between hybrid tea and species roses. They have a broader spread, fewer canes, and more intense color.
- Lyrical: This rose is one of the newest hybrid roses and is only available through mail order.
- Reduce Flower Blooms: The new roses have shorter, more intense bloom than older varieties, and it’s best to cut back on the number of blooms you have in a season. This is called feeding.
Pruning Floribunda Roses
- After removing all dead and diseased wood from the plant, cut off all branches lower than 2.5 feet from the ground. Make sure you cut off low to the ground where there is a good supply of water. If you cut off the bottom 1/3 of the branch, you are now starting at the top of the plant and can remove any damaged or weak branches higher up the plant.
- Remove all old, spent blooms from the plant and keep them in a jar or plastic bag for future use. If you have taken out some old blooms, don’t cut off the buds on the branches below them until next year.
- Cut back any part of the plant growing above 2.5 feet. Generally, the lower the plant is growing, the higher you should prune it.
- Use one of your garden clippers to trim any branches hanging lower than the plant’s top 2.5 feet.
The Benefits of Pruning
The benefits of cutting back excess branches is that your rose bush will be healthier, longer-lived and able to produce more blooms and leaf color.
Start by removing all diseased, dying, or broken limbs. Doing so will help prevent the spread of diseases like rose rosette, which can be fatal to the plant.
As you cut back branches, don’t forget to prune back the foliage. It’s important to keep rose leaves as trim as possible. They’re the food source for your rose’s vital and colorful leaves.
Here’s how you can know if your plant is ready for pruning:
- Flowers are starting to fade.
- Flower buds are close to opening.
- The bottom of the bush is woody, with almost no new growth.
- You see any spot of brown on the ground or plant.
Once you start, you’ll wonder how you ever managed to prune roses without a sharp pruning saw. That said, it’s important to know your roses. The methods and techniques in this article work well for growing your favorite roses in full sun, part sun or part shade.
If they’re growing in full sun, then you’ll need to prune in the spring after the leaves start to develop. This is called “susceptible” pruning. If they are growing in part sun or shade, then you can prune in the fall and then apply a top dressing of mulch over the area. Make sure to remove any debris before you prune or pruning saw will cut into the new growth.